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雅思口语:你必须知道的4个评分维度和17个得分点

2017-07-06 10:00

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      大多数考生都知道雅思口语评分有四个维度,但如何根据每个部分做具体的准备呢?本文具体解读了考官打分时最看重的四个维度,以及包含在维度内的17个得分点,大家可以根据这些要点更有方向性地提高口语能力~

      我在英国读书的时候恰巧认识了一位雅思考官。慢慢地熟悉了之后,他开始给我透露一些雅思口语的高分标准,我把他的原话整理成以下文章。

  雅思考官通常从以下四个方面来进行评分:

  When you go into the speaking test, the examiner grades you in four areas:

  FC--Fluency & coherence 流利度与连贯性

  GA--Grammar Range & Accuracy 语法准确性与精确性

  LR--Lexical Resource 词汇的丰富度

  PR--Pronunciation 语音语调的流畅与清晰度

  Now to be honest every examiner knows what the strong and weak areas are for Chinese students. They all know that LR, which we can also call vocabulary is generally their strong point and FC and PR are generally the weaker. That does not mean that all students will have the same problems. The average IELTS score for Chinese students is 5.5.

  (翻译:老实讲,雅思考官对于烤鸭的强弱项早就了然于胸了。中国烤鸭们都知道词汇是他们的强项,但是流利度、连贯性和语音语调却是他们的软肋。这并不是说每个学生都有这样的问题。中国烤鸭的平均雅思成绩是5.5。)

  The profile usually breaks down like this. Examiners called this a “jagged profile” because on a graph it looks like a jagged line。

  (翻译:中国烤鸭们的成绩呈锯齿状(像下面展示的这样)。考官们把这个叫“锯齿图式”,因为考鸭们的分数波动呈锯齿装。)

  FC 5 GA 6 PR 5 LR 6

  If we take an average of these four scores we can see that is 5.5 score. This means that any strategy you use for passing the IELTS test should concentrate on FC and PR more than GA and LR. I am not saying that you should forget about GA and LR completely, just focus on the typical weak points。

  (翻译:四个分数平均一下就是5.5. 这就意味着如果你想拿到雅思高分,那么你的重心应该更多的放在流利度和连贯性、语音上面,而不是语法和词汇上面。)

  In the next few parts I will take a look at each area and discuss how you can increase your scores by looking at what examiners want. On the next page you can see a checklist of basic questions that you can ask yourself during the exam. If you can manage to pay attention to all of these points, then you are going to succeed on the exam。

  (翻译:接下来的几个部分,我会详细介绍一下如何准备每个部分,以“取悦”考官,从而拿到高分。在下一页是你考试时会被重点考察的一个系列的问题。如果你在参加考试时能注意到这些点的话,你距离高分可能就不远了。)

  A point that I want to remind you of, is that it is always your weak points that will pull you down, so remember to maintain your strong points, but really focus on your weak points so that everything evens out。

  (翻译:我想提醒烤鸭们,拉低你分数的是你的弱项而非你的强项。所以,记住要不断强化你的优势,同时还要重点改善你的弱点,这样最终才会有好的结果。)

  在这4个评分维度下,雅思考官在乎的有如下17个口语得分点,也是雅思口语考试中重要的得分点,大家可以对照下面的列表自我检查一下,看看还有哪些不符合:

  Fluency & Coherence 流利度与连贯性

  a) Can I speak at length on a topic?

  我能否详尽地就一个话题侃侃而谈?

  b) Have I organised my ideas logically?

  我的观点叙述有逻辑吗?

  c) Have I used appropriate linking words?

  我有没有用到合适、恰当的逻辑连接词?

  d) Do I speak clearly and smoothly?

  我是否讲得清晰且平顺?

  Grammatical Range & Accuracy 语法张度与准确性

  a) Have I used a variety of simple, compound and complex sentences?

  我是否混合着使用了简单句、复合句和复杂句?

  b) Have I used a range of structures to convey modality, conditionals, active/passive, cause/effect and tenses?

  我是否用了不同的结构去传递语法的正确形式、条件句、主被动语态、因果句、时态?

  c) How well can the assessor understand me even though I have made some errors?

  在我偶有错误的前提下,考官能多大程度上的理解我所讲的话?

  Lexical Resource 词汇的丰富度

  a) Are the words and expressions I use appropriate and accurate?

  我所使用得词和习语是否合适并且准确?

  b) Do I have a good range of vocabulary to cover the topic?

  我所使用得词频是否涵盖足够广泛,而非单一只能运用某一个词汇段?

  c) Have I used correct word forms?

  我是否正确地使用了单词的形式?

  d) Have I used some idiomatic language?

  我是否使用了一些习惯用语?

  e) How well can I talk about personal and familiar topics?

  我能多优异地谈论个人和自己熟悉的话题?

  f) How well can I discuss more abstract topics?

  我能多优异地讨论更抽象的话题?

  Pronunciation 语音语调

  a) Have I pronounced my words correctly?

  我的单词发音是否正确?

  b) How appropriately have I used stress and intonation?

  我是否正确重读了单词,我们语调如何?

  c) How well can the interviewer understand me?

  考官能听懂我吗?

  d) Is my voice strong and clear?

  我的声音是否自信并且清晰?

      对雅思口语考生的建议是根据以上的4个维度与17个得分点逐一进行练习。

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