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高中英语30个知识点

2020-08-10 14:52

来源:新东方网

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  1. be fond of“喜爱,爱好”接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式

  [1]He’s fond of swimming.他喜欢游泳。

  [2]Are you fond of fresh vegetables.你喜欢新鲜蔬菜吗?

  [3]He is fond of his research work.他喜爱他的研究工作。

  2. hunt for=look for寻找

  hunt for a job找工作

  3. in order to/so as to

  两个词组都可引导不定式作目的状语,in order to可放于句首,so as to则不能,其否定形式为in order not to/so as not to.

  [1]He went to Beijing in order to/so as to attend an important meeting.

  [2]In order to be noticed,he shouted and waved to us.

  为了让我们注意他,他朝我们又是叫喊又是挥手。

  4. care about

  [1]喜欢,对……有兴趣=care for

  She doesn’t care about money.她不喜欢钱。

  [2]关心=care for

  She thinks only of herself.She doesn’t care about other people.她只考虑自己。不关心别人。

  [3]在乎,在意(接从句或不接任何成分)

  These young people care nothing about what old people might say.这些年轻人根本不在乎老人说的话。

  5. such as意为“诸如……”,“像……”,是用来列举人或事物的。

  She teaches three subjects,such as physics and chemistry.她教三门科目,像物理、化学。

  6. drop a line留下便条,写封短信

  7. make yourself at home别客气;随便;无拘束

  If you get to my house before I do,help yourself to a drink and make yourself at home.

  如果你在我之前到我家,自己喝点饮料,随便一点。

  8. stay up不睡;熬夜

  [1]I'll be late home,don't stay up for me.

  我将回家很晚,不要等我了。

  [2]He stayed up reading until 2:00 in the morning.

  他熬夜看书直到凌晨两点。

  9. come about引起;发生;产生

  [1]How did the accident come about?

  这场事故是怎么发生的?

  [2]They didn't know how the change had come about.

  他们不知道这个变化是怎样产生的。

  10. except for除……之外

  [1]except与except for的用法常有区别。except多用于引起同类事物中被排除的一项。如:

  ①He answered all the questions except the last one.

  除去最后一个,他回答了所有问题。

  ②We go there everyday except Sunday.

  除了星期天,我们天天去那里。

  [2]except for用于引述细节以修正句子的主要意思。如:

  ①Except for oneold lady,the bus was empty.

  除去一个老太太,这辆公共汽车全空了。

  ②Your picture isgood except for the colours.

  你的画儿很好,只是某些色彩有问题。

  [3]但在现代英语中,except for也用于表示except的意思。如上述第一个例子可以是:

  He answered all the questions except for the last one.

  [4]另外,在介词短语之前只能用except,不能用except for。

  We go to bed before ten,except in the summer.

  除了夏季,我们通常十点之前上床睡觉。

  11. end up with以……告终;以……结束

  The party ended up with an English song.聚会以一首英文歌结束。

  12. more or less几乎;差不多;大约;大概;大体上

  [1]I've more or less succeeded,but they haven't.

  我差不多成功了,而他们没有。

  [2]Our living condition has more or less improved.

  我们的生活水平或多或少提高了。

  13. bring in引进;引来;吸收

  [1]We should bring in new technology.

  我们应该引进新技术。

  [2]He brings in 800 dollars a month.

  他一个月挣八百美元。

  14. get away(from)逃离

  [1]The thieves got away from the shop with all our money.

  小偷带着我们所有的钱从商店逃跑了。

  [2]I caught a really big fish but it got away.

  我钓到了一条好大的鱼,可是它逃掉了。

  15. watch out(for)注意;留心

  [1]Watch out!There is a car coming.

  小心!汽车来了。

  [2]Watch out for the hole in the road.

  留神路上的那个坑。

  16. see sb.off给某人送行

  Tomorrow I will see my friend off at the railway station.

  明天我到火车站给朋友送行。

  17. on the other hand另一方面;用以引出相互矛盾的观点、意见等,常说on the one hand……on the other hand一方面……另一方面。

  I know this job of mine isn't well paid,but on the other hand I don't have to work long hours.

  我知道这份工作报酬不高,但从另一方面来说,我也不必工作太长时间。

  18. as well as和,还

  He is a talented musician as well as being a photographer.

  她不但是摄影师还是个天才的音乐家。

  19. take place发生

  take one’s place入座、站好位置、取得地位

  take sb’s place或take the place of代替、取代

  20. on fire相当于burning,意为“燃烧;着火;起火”,有静态的含意。catch fire有动态的含意。

  set…on fire/set fire to…用来表示“使……着火”、“放火烧……”。

  Look,the theatre is on fire!Let’s go and help.瞧,剧院着火了,咱们去帮忙救火吧。

  21. on holiday在度假,在休假中

  When I was on holiday,I visited my uncle.

  我在度假的时候去看望了叔叔。

  22. travel agency旅行社

  =travel bureau

  23. take off

  [1]脱下(衣服等),解(除)掉

  He took off his wet shoes.他脱下了湿鞋子。

  [2](飞机)起飞

  The plane took off on time.It was a smooth take-off.飞机准时起飞。起飞非常顺利。

  [3]匆匆离开

  The six men got into the car and took off for the park.这六个人上了车,匆匆离开去公园。

  24. go wrong v.走错路,误入岐途,(机器等)发生故障

  25. in all adv.总共

  26. stay away v.外出

  27. look up查询(如宾语为代词,则代词放中间)

  Look up the word in the dictionary.在字典里查单词。

  相关词组:look for寻找;look after照顾,照料;look forward to期待;look into调查;look on旁观;look out注意;look out for注意,留心,提防;look over翻阅,查看,检查;look around环视;look through翻阅,查看。

  28. run after追逐,追求

  If you run after two hares,you will catch neither.同时追两只兔子,你一只也抓不到。

  29. on the air广播

  [1]We will be on the air in five minutes.我们五分钟以后开始广播。

  [2]This programme comes on the air at the same time every day.这个节目每天在同一时间播出。

  30. think highly/well/much of对……评价很高,赞赏,对……印象好;

  think badly/nothing/little/lowly of……认为不好,对……不在意,不赞成,觉得……不怎么样

  [1]He was highly thought of by the manager.经理对他非常赞赏。

  [2]I think well of your suggestion.我觉得你的建议很好。

  [3]I don’t think much of him as a teacher.我觉得他作为一个老师不怎么样。

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