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2019年12月六级英语答案解析

2019-12-16 10:23

来源:公众号武汉大学生公社

作者:

  一、写作

  作文真题(第一套):

  Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of sense of social responsibility.You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

  解析:

  本次六级作文难度适中,考查形式属于议论文,考察话题围绕着责任感的培养,内容结构建议采用提出问题-分析问题-解决问题的基本模式。

  第一段:引出话题,通过下定义的方式提出问题,引出社会责任感的重要性。(what)

  第二段:分析话题,从多重角度分析其重要性的具体内容。(why)

  第三段:总结话题,指出如何培养社会责任感(how)

  参考范文:

  When it comes to sense of social responsibility,it is commonly known as the moral obligation and solicitude for others in acertain society.Admittedly,the sense of social responsibility has exertedenormous effect on every individual’s life and the advancement of society.

  Sense of socialresponsibility really does matter and is required for every individual from all walks of life.There is no denying that hardly can anyone lead a life without communicating and interacting with others.In this situation,being responsiblefor others equals to being responsible to ourselves.To be specific,in theinstance of protecting natural environment,it is everyone’s duty to do their bit for the simple reason that the earth is our common mother.If everyone refuses to shoulder such a responsibility and relies on others’efforts,the natural environment is doomed to be worse than ever.

  In a nutshell,everyone is expected to cultivate sense of social responsibility and take actions immediately.In response to such a situation,it is vital for the authorities and mass media to play their own part and undertake correspondingduty.Indeed,without a devoted heart to those who are in need and the matter demanding our attention,how could we guarantee a prosperous,harmonious andcivilized society.

  作文真题(第二套):

  Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of sense of community responsibility.You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

  解析:

  本次六级作文难度适中,考查形式属于议论文,考察话题围绕着责任感的培养,内容结构建议采用提出问题-分析问题-解决问题的基本模式。

  第一段:引出话题,通过下定义的方式提出问题,引出团体责任感的重要性。(what)

  第二段:分析话题,从多重角度分析其重要性的具体内容。(why)

  第三段:总结话题,指出如何培养团体责任感(how)

  参考范文:

  With regards to sense of community responsibility,it isuniversally acknowledged as the moral obligation and solicitude for others in acertain society.Admittedly,the sense of community responsibility has exerted enormous effect on every individual’s life and the advancement of society.

  Sense of community responsibility really does matterand is required for every individual from all walks of life.As a matter offact,hardly can anyone lead a life without communicating and interacting withothers.In this situation,being responsible for others equals to being responsible to ourselves.To be specific,in the face of emergent situations and group tasks,it is everyone’s duty to do their bit to solve the problem with concerted efforts.If everyone refuses to shoulder such a responsibility and relies on others’acts,it is impossible for us to tackle the challenges.

  In a nutshell,it is of great necessity for everyone to cultivate sense of community responsibility.Therefore,the universities authorities and the mass media are also expected to undertake the corresponding duty to promote such an atmosphere.At any rate,only by taking a devoted heart to those who are in need and the matter demanding our attention can we guarantee an ever more promising and advanced society.

  作文真题(第三套):

  Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the importance of sense of family responsibility.You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

  解析:

  本次六级作文难度适中,考查形式属于议论文,考察话题围绕着责任感的培养,内容结构建议采用提出问题-分析问题-解决问题的基本模式。

  第一段:引出话题,通过下定义的方式提出问题,引出家庭责任感的重要性。(what)

  第二段:分析话题,从多重角度分析其重要性的具体内容。(why)

  第三段:总结话题,指出如何培养家庭责任感(how)

  参考范文:

  Sense of responsibility,which literally means a duty to dealwith something or take care of someone,is the basic quality one should possessand the guarantee of family harmony as well as social stability.Admittedly,the sense of family responsibility has exerted a subtleinfluence on everyindividual.

  Apparently,sense of family responsibility really does matter,not only in families,but also in a broader sense.For one thing,sense of family responsibility acts as a generative rule which defines what one should do andmust do in family relationship.To be specific,family members are expected to respect,protect and care each other under the regulation of this rule.For another,from a macro level,hardly can anyone make great social and academic without a strong sense of family responsibility for the simple reason that it is actually the footing stone of a sound mind.

  To sum up,it is of great necessity for us to develop sense of family responsibility.In response to such a situation,relying on the media’s persuasion and the cultivation of individual awareness would be the best step.

  写作部分答案解析来自:新东方武汉学校大学考试部---唐永芳老师

  二、听力

  第1套长对话听力

  Section A

  Conversation 1

  1.What do we learn about the woman’s store?

  答案参考句:…dedicated exclusively to jazz

  解析:对话开头,女生说自己的商店是jazz store。

  2.What does the man say about jazz music?

  答案参考句:I guess there is not much jazz scene anymore more like they used to be.

  解析:男生说,爵士乐没有以前多,对应选项B Its market has now shrunk。

  3.What does the woman say about jazz?

  答案参考句:There is no simple definition for it(jazz).There are many different styles of jazz.

  解析:女生说关于爵士乐的定义不是单一的,替换选项中的varied and complicated

  4.What should you do to appreciate different styles of jazz according to the woman?

  答案参考句:The only way to know what jazz is is listen to it yourself.

  解析:原文重现,对应C listen to them yourself。

  Conversation 2

  5.What did the woman do this morning?

  答案参考句:How did it go at the bank this morning?

  解析:对话开头,男生问女生早上去银行进展如何,表明女生早上在银行。

  6.Why was the woman’s proposal rejected?

  答案参考句:they said my credit history was not good enough

  解析:女生说原因是她的信用记录不太好,对应B her credit history was considered poor.

  7.What is the woman planning to do?

  答案参考句:If I want to continue ahead with this dream of owning my own business…

  解析:女生说正在做的事是创业。

  8.What does the man suggest the woman do?

  答案参考句:what if you ask for a smaller amount?…smaller loans from more lenders.

  解析:男生的建议用的what if以及you could句型,对应B ask for smaller loans from different lenders.

  听力部分答案解析来自:新东方武汉学校大学考试部---赵小月老师

  三、阅读

  选词填空:

  A)alleviate
  B)apparently
  C)arrogant
  D)associated
  E)circumstances
  F)competitive
  G)conceded
  H)consciousness
  I)desires
  J)excluded
  K)feature
  L)lonely
  M)separate
  N)spectacularly
  O)warrant

  答案:ELHAJ BIDFK

  难度解析:

  本篇选词填空备选的词汇难度较低,大部分为基础词汇。原文的题目出现了三个be动词之后的空格,be动词之后的比较难,其余的词性比较容易判断。考察了三个动词、四个名词、两个形容词、一个副词。

  题目解析:

  26、E circumstances

  解析:certain之后加名词,之前没有冠词a,之后加名词的复数,under certain circumstances为固定搭配。

  27、L lonely

  解析:和后文中认为自己的感觉是孤立的…之中的isolated相对,选孤单、孤立的含义,故选lonely。

  28、H consciousness

  解析:attribute之后为名词,和前文中认为自己的感觉是孤立的…之中的feeling相对,选感觉、意识的含义,故选consciousness。

  29、A alleviate

  解析:感觉亲近可以缓解孤单,根据语义,前后文的逻辑,故为alleviate。

  30、J excluded

  解析:现在完成时的被动语态,选ved,考虑G和J,G含义为退让,和原文不符,故选J。

  31、B apparently

  解析:这里需要使用副词对于动词substituted进行修饰,选项中只有一个adv,故选apparently。

  32、I desires

  解析:这里的词应该和and之前的beliefs进行含义和词性上的并列,故填n复数,选择含义相近的desires。

  33、D associated

  解析:be动词之后的选项都比较难,这里的提示为be…with,be associated with为固定搭配,故选associated。

  34、F competitive

  解析:这里in…situations,应当填到的词汇为adj修饰n,其他的选项和situations不搭配,故选competitive

  35、K feature

  解析:this之后加名词单数,剩余选项为warrant,含义为许可证,和原文毫无关系,后文中a car’s friendliness为特征,故选feature。

  长篇阅读:

  36.F

  【答案分析】:根据题干关键词(主要是名词和动宾搭配)Farmers;grass-fed;are not affected;the ever-changing milk prices of the global market把答案定位到F段。在F段中,In the grass-fed system对应题干grass-fed;farmers对应题干farmers;not subject to对应题干are not affected;the wildly fluctuating milk prices of the international commodity market对应题干the ever-changing milk prices of the global market。因此答案选F。

  37.C

  【答案分析】:根据题干关键词Tim Joseph’s partners;many dairy farmers;to switch to grass-fed定位到C段。在C段中,His first partnership对应题干Tim Joseph’s partners;125 small dairy farms对应题干many dairy farmers;convert to grass-fed对应题干to switch to grass-fed。因此答案选C。

  38.J

  【答案分析】:根据题干关键词One advocate;many other benefits should be taken into consideration;the cost-effectiveness of grass-fed farming把答案定位到J段。在J段中,Smith对应题干One advocate;factor in the hidden cost of government corn subsidies,environment degradation,and decreased human health and animal welfare对应题干many other benefits should be taken into consideration;grass-fed is the more cost-effective model对应题干the cost-effectiveness of grass-fed farming。因此答案选J。

  39.D

  【答案分析】:根据题干关键词Many dairy farmers;switch to grass-fed;advantage in terms of profits定位到D段。在D段中,open-minded dairy people对应题干Many dairy farmers;a certain mindset to successfully convert对应题干switch to grass-fed;fetch up to 2.5 times the price of conventional milk对应题干advantage in terms of profits。因此答案选D。

  40.G

  【答案分析】:根据题干关键词Tim Joseph’s grass-fed program;one example;how American farming practice is changing把答案定位到G段落。在G段中,Maple’s Hill conversion program对应题干Tim Joseph’s grass-fed program;one example;对应题干one of a growing number of businesses;changing the way of America farms对应题干how American farming practice is changing。因此答案选G。

  41.A

  【答案分析】:根据题干关键词sunlight;energy and wealth把答案定位到A段落。在A段中sun对应题干sunlight;energy and wealth对应题干energy and wealth。因此答案选A。

  42.I

  【答案分析】:根据题干关键词One problem with grass-fed products;more expensive than conventional one;把答案定位到I段落。在I段中,they do have downsides,price,for one,is an issue对应题干one problem with grass-fed products;his products are priced 10-20%above organic versions...compared to non-organic conventional yogurt对应题干more expensive than conventional one。因此答案选I。

  43.E

  【答案分析】:根据题干关键词Grass-fed products;healthier and more nutritious把答案定位到E段落。在E段中,Grass-fed dairy and meat对应题干Grass-fed products;nutrients and healthy fats对应题干healthier and more nutritious,只是换了词性。因此答案选E。

  44.B

  【答案分析】:根据题干关键词Tim Joseph started his business;he found;grass-fed products fell short of demand把答案对应到J段。he and his wife Laura launched Maple Hill Creamery,对应题干when Tim Joseph started his business;Demand for grass-fed products currently exceeds supply对应题干grass-fed products fell short of demand。因此答案选B。

  45.K

  【答案分析】:根据题干关键词A snack bar producer discovered;the supply of purely grass-fed bison meat was scarce把答案定位到K段落。在K段中,the Bison Bacon Cranberry Bar-Collins and Forrest found对应题干A snack bar producer discovered;they’d exhausted their sources for bison...,only 2-3%of all bison is actually grass-fed对应题干the supply of purely grass-fed bison meat was scarce。因此答案选K。

  仔细阅读:

  Passage One

  答案:BBDCC

  难度解析:

  仔细阅读第一篇难度大于第二篇,大部分除了定位要准确之外,考察的更多是长难句,及上下文相关句子的整体理解。除此之外,定位处还出现了很多较难的词汇,甚至难于选词填空。对于同学们的词汇及语法要求较高。

  题目解析:

  46、B)Protect students from social pressures and enable them to face the world.

  解析:定位首段二句“The best seek to alleviate the external pressures on their pupils while equipping them better to understand and handle the world outside-at once sheltering them and broadening their horizons.”本句大意:最好的(学校)是缓解小学生外部的压力,同事给他们装备更好的理解和处理外部世界的能力,并且可以扩大他们的视野,故选B。此题较简单,定位处基本没有发生同义替换。

  干扰项:不在定位处。

  47、B)They widen the gap between privileged and disadvantaged students.

  解析:定位二段倒数第二句“The discrepancy is startlingly apparent.”本句大意:差异令人惊讶地明显。根据上下文,这种差异指的是贫富学生之间的差异,故选B。

  干扰项:不在定位处。

  48、D)Activities involving all students on campus.

  解析:定位三段最后一句“Methods such as whole-school fundraising,with the proceeds(收益)pooled,can help to extend opportunities and fuel community spirit.”本句大意为:例如整个学校的集资之类的方法,随着收益的聚集,可以帮助扩大机会,并且促进团体精神,故选D。

  干扰项:不在定位处。

  49、A)They want their children to participate even though they don't see much benefit.

  解析:定位四段尾句“Even parents who can see that a trip is little more than a party or celebration may well feel guilt that their child is left behind.”即使那些认为一场旅行不仅仅只是一个派对或者一场庆祝而已,他们也可能对于他们的孩子落后而感觉有罪恶感。故选A。

  干扰项:不在定位处。

  50、C)Avoiding creating new gaps among students.

  解析:定位尾段最后一句“But the least we should expect is that they do not foster divisions and exclude those who are already disadvantaged.”大意为:但是至少我们应该期待的是我们不应该增加区别,并且排除那些本来就处于劣势的学生。故选C。

  干扰项:不在定位处。

  Passage Two

  答案:ACDAD

  难度解析:

  仔细阅读第二篇难度较低,大部分定位处出答案,且文章趣味性较强,涉及到前几年比较流行的帝企鹅。野生动物保护和环境保护,一直都是四六级,包括考研英语的常考话题,同学们应注意,平时要多积累相关词汇和表达。

  题目解析:

  51、A)King penguins in the Antarctic will be on the verge of dying out.

  解析:定位首段首句“Rising temperatures and overfishing in the pristine(未受污染的)waters around the Antarctic could see King penguin populations pushed to the brink of extinction by the end of the century,according to a new study.”本句大意:上升的气温和在未受污染水域的过度捕捞使得帝企鹅在本世纪末处于灭绝的边缘,故选A

  干扰项:不在定位处。

  52、C)Industrial fishing and climate change could be fatal to certain Antarctic species.

  解析:定位二段倒数第二句“Earlier this month a separate study found that a combination of climate change and industrial fishing is threatening the krill(磷虾)population in Antarctic waters,with a potentially disastrous impact on whales,seals and penguins.”本句大意:…研究表明气候变化和工业不老的结合正在威胁磷虾和鲸、海豹和企鹅的种群,故选C。

  干扰项:不在定位处。

  53、D)The majority of them may have to find new breeding grounds in the future.

  解析:定位三段首句“Unless current greenhouse gas emissions drop,70 percent of king penguins-1.1 million breeding pairs-will be forced to relocate their breeding grounds,or face extinction by 2100.”本句大意为:百分之七十的帝企鹅被强迫去重新定位他们的繁殖地,故选D。

  干扰项:不在定位处。

  54、A)Many baby king penguins can't have food in time.

  解析:定位三段倒数二句“This means that king penguins,which feed on fish and krill in this body of water,have to travel further to their feeding grounds,leaving their hungry chicks for longer.”那意味着吃鱼和磷虾的帝企鹅要走更远才能到他们进食的地方,这使得他们的孩子饿得更久,故选A。

  干扰项:不在定位处。

  55、D)Only a few of its islands can serve as huge breeding grounds for king penguins.

  解析:定位尾段后一句“Only a handful of islands in the Southern Ocean are suitable for sustaining large breeding colonies.”大意为:只有巴掌大的岛屿是适合去维持大量的需要进食的移民者(语境内为帝企鹅)。故选D。

  干扰项:不在定位处。

  阅读部分答案解析来自:新东方武汉学校大学考试部---黄璇、姚慧老师

  四、翻译

  翻译原文(第一套):

  梅花(plum blossom)位居中国十大名花之首,源于中国南方,已有三千多年的栽培和种植历史。隆冬时节,五颜六色的梅花不畏严寒,迎着风雪傲然绽放。在中国传统文化中,梅花象征着坚强、纯洁、高雅,激励人们不畏艰难、砥砺前行。自古以来,许多诗人和画家从梅花中获取灵感,创作了无数不朽的作品。普通大众也都喜爱梅花,春节期间常用于家庭装饰。南京市已将梅花定为市花,每年举办梅花节,成千上万的人冒着严寒到梅花山踏雪赏梅。

  试题点评:

  本次六级翻译总体来说难度适中,稍有难度,篇章的主题为梅花,内容涉及梅花在中国名花的地位、特点、象征意义、以及梅花对艺术作品的启发和人们对梅花的欣赏,理解难度较小,翻译的难度略大。

  从句式结构来看,本次考题集中考察简单句中的主谓宾句型,并列句及定从使用较多,大部分谓语动词都是考生比较熟悉的简单词。时态的考察也相对简单,包括一般现在时、现在完成时,且时态标志明显,比较容易确定。语态考察以主动为主,少量被动,需要考生掌握对应的表达。

  从词汇层面来看,“起源”“栽培”“种植”等都属于四级常考基础词汇,大部分词汇不会造成翻译障碍,“冒着严寒”及少量四字词“不畏艰难”“砥砺前行”等较难翻译的词汇,需要考生通过转译或解释的方法进行处理,对整体分数的影响不大。

  全文翻译:

  The plum blossom,which originates in southern China and has a history of 3,000 years of cultivation and planting,ranks first among the top ten famous flowers in China.In the middle of winter,defying the severe cold,the colorful plum blossoms bloom proudly against the snow.In traditional Chinese culture,plum blossoms symbolize strength,purity,elegance,and encourage people to conquer hardships bravely and forge ahead.Since ancient times,many poets and painters have taken inspiration from plum blossoms and created countless immortal works.The general public also likes plum blossoms,which are often used for home decoration during the Spring Festival.Nanjing City has designated the plum blossom as the city flower,and a plum blossom festival is held every year,with thousands of people visiting the plum blossom mountain in freezing cold days.

  逐句解析:

  1.梅花(plum blossom)位居中国十大名花之首,源于中国南方,已有三千多年的栽培和种植历史。

  The plum blossom,which originates in southern China and has a history of 3,000 years of cultivation and planting,ranks first among the top ten famous flowers in China.

  本句难度相对较小,同一主语后接多个谓语,可使用并列句或选择使用更符合英文行文的定语从句,将后两个句子翻译成which引导的非限定从,作插入语,另“位居…之首”,可用“ranks first among…”。

  2.隆冬时节,五颜六色的梅花不畏严寒,迎着风雪傲然绽放。

  In the middle of winter,defying the severe cold,the colorful plum blossoms bloom proudly against the snow.

  该句难度相对较大,句子结构同第一句,同一主语,两个动作“不畏严寒”,“傲然绽放”,可一个用非谓语,另一个用作句子谓语,难点在于其表达,“不畏严寒”以非谓语主动形式“defying the severe cold”表示,“傲然绽放”就意译为“bloom proudly against the snow”。

  3.在中国传统文化中,梅花象征着坚强、纯洁、高雅,激励人们不畏艰难、砥砺前行。

  In traditional Chinese culture,plum blossoms symbolize strength,purity,elegance,and encourage people to conquer hardships bravely and forge ahead.

  本句为主谓宾句型,“象征着”用“symbolize”,“激励”即“encourage”,“不畏艰难、砥砺前行”看似有难度,可转译为“conquer hardships bravely and forge ahead”。

  4.自古以来,许多诗人和画家从梅花中获取灵感,创作了无数不朽的作品。

  Since ancient times,many poets and painters have taken inspiration from plum blossoms and created countless immortal works.

  本句为主谓宾句型并列,注意“自古以来”,用“since ancient times”,此时,主句时态需使用现在完成时,“灵感”即“inspiration”,“不朽的作品”即“immortal works”。

  5.普通大众也都喜爱梅花,春节期间常用于家庭装饰。

  The general public also likes plum blossoms,which are often used for home decoration during the Spring Festival.

  两个简单句有同一个主语,前一个句子主谓宾,后一个句子可使用定语从句,且“用于”需用被动表达“be used for…”。

  6.南京市已将梅花定为市花,每年举办梅花节,成千上万的人冒着严寒到梅花山踏雪赏梅。

  Nanjing City has designated the plum blossom as the city flower,and a plum blossom festival is held every year,with thousands of people visiting the plum blossom mountain in freezing cold days.

  本句是主谓宾句型,注意时态应为现在完成时,标志为“已…”,“举办”主动应该翻译成被动“be held”,“成千上万人…”可用“with”表伴随,较有难度的是“冒着严寒”可转译为“在寒冷的天气”即“in freezing cold days”。

  翻译原文(第二套):

  荷花(lotus flower)是中国的名花之一,深受人们喜爱。中国许多地方的湖泊和池塘都适宜荷花生长。荷花色彩鲜艳,夏日清晨绽放,夜晚闭合,花期长达两三个月,吸引来自各地的游客前往观赏。荷花具有多种功能,既能绿化水面,又能美化庭园,还可净化水质、减少污染、改善环境。荷花迎骄阳而不惧,出污泥而不染,象征纯洁、高雅,常常用来比喻人的高尚品德。历来是诗人画家创作的重要题材。荷花盛开的地方也是许多摄影爱好者经常光顾之地。

  试题点评:

  本次六级翻译总体来说难度适中,稍有难度,散文题材,篇章的主题为荷花,内容涉及荷花在中国名花的地位、特点、象征意义、以及梅花对艺术作品的启发和人们对荷花的欣赏,理解难度较小,翻译的难度略大。

  从句式结构来看,本次考题集中考察简单句中的主谓宾,主系表句型,并列句及定从使用较多。时态的考察也相对简单,包括一般现在时、现在完成时,且时态标志明显,比较容易确定。语态考察以主动为主,少量被动,需要考生掌握对应的表达。

  从词汇层面来看,大部分词汇都属于六级常考基础词汇,不会造成翻译障碍,“迎骄阳而不惧”“出淤泥而不染”等中文色彩比较浓厚的短语翻译难度相对较大,需要考生通过转译或解释的方法进行处理,对整体分数的影响不大。

  全文翻译:

  The lotus is one of the famous flowers in China,which is well loved by people.Lakes and ponds in many parts of China are suitable for lotus to grow.The lotus flowers,which features bright color,bloom in the early morning in summer,and close in the evening with a long flowering period of two or three months,attracting visitors everywhere to appreciate it.The lotus has multiple functions,which can not only green the water surface and beautify the garden,but also purify water,reduce pollution and improve the environment.The lotus flower welcomes the sun without fear,and keeps clean in the dirty soil,which is a symbol of purity,elegance and represents people’s noble morals.Historically,it has always been an important subject for poets and painters.And the place where the lotus blooms is also a resort visited frequently by many photography enthusiasts.

  逐句解析:

  1.荷花(lotus flower)是中国的名花之一,深受人们喜爱。

  The lotus is one of the famous flowers in China,which is well loved by people.

  本句难度相对较小,前半部分用主系表结构,后半句用定语从句,根据“深受”使用被动语态。

  2.中国许多地方的湖泊和池塘都适宜荷花生长。

  Lakes and ponds in many parts of China are suitable for lotus to grow.

  该句难度较小,主系表结构,“适宜…”即“be suitable for…”

  3.荷花色彩鲜艳,夏日清晨绽放,夜晚闭合,花期长达两三个月,吸引来自各地的游客前往观赏。

  The lotus flowers,which features bright color,bloom in the early morning in summer,and close in the evening with a long flowering period of two or three months,attracting visitors everywhere to appreciate it.

  本句难度较大,散文色彩,包含多个动词的短句,主干还是主谓宾句型,用定语从句及非谓语表结果状语。这句主要在讲荷花的特点,因此用“feature”一词,表示“以…为特点”,其他动词,如“闭合”“吸引”都较为简单,名词“花期”可翻译成“flowering period”。

  4.荷花具有多种功能,既能绿化水面,又能美化庭园,还可净化水质、减少污染、改善环境。

  The lotus has multiple functions,which can not only green the water surface and beautify the garden,but also purify water,reduce pollution and improve the environment.

  本句主句为主谓宾句型,加定语从句,注意“既能…,又能…”,用“not only…,but also…”,“绿化green”“美化beautify”“净化purify”“减少reduce”“改善improve”等动词都相对较为简单。

  5.荷花迎骄阳而不惧,出污泥而不染,象征纯洁、高雅,常常用来比喻人的高尚品德。

  The lotus flower welcomes the sun without fear,and keeps clean in the dirty soil,which is a symbol of purity,elegance and represents people’s noble morals.

  此句难度较大,句型上,同一个主语,前半部分主干用简单句主谓宾并列,后一个句子可使用定语从句,词汇上,“迎骄阳而不惧”直译“welcomes the sun without fear”,“出淤泥而不染”即“keeps clean in the dirty soil”,后半句几乎同第一篇梅花。

  6.历来是诗人画家创作的重要题材。

  Historically,it has always been an important subject for poets and painters.

  本句难度小,主系表句型,由“历来”即“historically”可知注意时态应为现在完成时,“重要题材”即“important subject”。

  7.荷花盛开的地方也是许多摄影爱好者经常光顾之地。

  And the place where the lotus blooms is also a resort visited frequently by many photography enthusiasts.

  本句难度较小,主系表句型,“…的地方”可用“where”引导的定语从句,“光顾之地”即“被光顾的地方”,动词用表被动的过去分词短语“visited by…”作后置定语。

  翻译原文(第三套):

  牡丹(peony)花色艳丽,形象高雅,象征着和平与繁荣,因而在中国被称为“花中之王”。中国许多地方都培育和种植牡丹。千百年来,创作了许多诗歌和绘画赞美牡丹。唐代时期,牡丹在皇家园林普遍种植并被誉为国花,因而特别风行。十世纪时,洛阳古城成为牡丹栽培中心,而且这一地位一直保持到今天。现在,成千上万的国内外游客蜂拥到洛阳参加一年一度的牡丹节,欣赏洛阳牡丹的独特之美,同时探索九朝古都的历史。

  试题点评:

  本次四级翻译总体来说相对较难,篇章的主题为牡丹花,理解和翻译的难度较大。从句式结构来看,本次考题难句多,涉及到相对比较复杂的并列句、状语从句和定语从句。从词汇层面来看,大部分词汇不会造成翻译障碍。若遇到较难翻译的词汇,需要考生通过转译或解释的方法进行处理,对整体分数的影响不大。

  全文翻译:

  Peony,which features bright color and graceful shape,symbolizes peace and prosperity and is thus well recognized as“the king of flowers”.Phonies are cultivated and grown in many places of China.For thousands of years,a large number of poems and paintings have been composed to sing praises of the flower.In the Tang Dynasty,peonies were so widely planted in the royal gardens as“the national flower”that they enjoyed great popularity.In the 10th century,the ancient city of Luoyang became the center of peony planting,and has remained as such since then.Nowadays,hundreds of thousands of domestic tourists pour in Luoyang for the annual peony festival,when they can both appreciate the unique beauty of the flowers and explore the history of this city,the capital of nine dynasties.

  逐句解析:

  1.牡丹(peony)花色艳丽,形象高雅,象征着和平与繁荣,因而在中国被称为“花中之王”。

  Peony,which features bright color and graceful shape,symbolizes peace and prosperity and is thus well recognized as“the king of flowers”.

  本句重点为动词的处理,可将主干结构翻译为并列句,核心主干确定为“牡丹象征和平与繁荣”,将“花色艳丽和形象高雅”处理为牡丹花的后置定语修饰。

  2.中国许多地方都培育和种植牡丹。

  Phonies are cultivated and grown in many places of China.

  本句考察被动语态的写法,重点为确定动词“培育”“种植”的主语为牡丹花,“中国许多地方”为地点状语后置而非主语。

  3.千百年来,创作了许多诗歌和绘画赞美牡丹。

  For thousands of years,a large number of poems and paintings have been composed to sing praises of the flower.

  本句依然考察被动语态的写法,本句出现两个动词,其中第一个“创作”为本句核心动词,“赞美”为目的状语,翻译为“to do”结构。

  4.唐代时期,牡丹在皇家园林普遍种植并被誉为国花,因而特别风行。

  In the Tang Dynasty,peonies were so widely planted in the royal gardens as“the national flower”that they enjoyed great popularity.

  本句考察结果状语从句的写法,难度相对较高。可将句子拆分成两句,前句为原因,后句为结果。译为“so+adv+that+句子”的结构。

  5.十世纪时,洛阳古城成为牡丹栽培中心,而且这一地位一直保持到今天。

  In the 10th century,the ancient city of Luoyang became the center of peony planting,and has remained as such since then.

  本句较为简单,主要考察时态的用法,“成为”处理为过去时态;“保持”动作从过去持续到现在,处理为“现在完成时态”。

  6.现在,成千上万的国内外游客蜂拥到洛阳参加一年一度的牡丹节,欣赏洛阳牡丹的独特之美,同时探索九朝古都的历史。

  Nowadays,hundreds of thousands of domestic tourists pour in Luoyang for the annual peony festival,when they can both appreciate the unique beauty of the flowers and explore the history of this city,the capital of nine dynasties.

  本句难度较高,根据动词确定主干结构,动词为“蜂拥”“参加”“欣赏”“探索”,将“欣赏”和“探索”翻译为状语从句中的动词,修饰时间“牡丹节”,同时,注意“九朝古都”的翻译。

  翻译部分答案解析来自:新东方武汉学校大学考试部---叶敏、唐永芳老师

(来源:公众号武汉大学生公社)

新东方武汉学校 (微信号:新东方武汉学校

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